Recently, archaeologists at George Washington’s Ferry Farm came across an odd glass fragment in our collection. We poured over it, passing it from person to person trying to figure out what it was. Then came the ‘ah-ha’ moment: it was a gun barrel. That’s odd, right? Turns out it isn’t.
This story starts in the late 19th century when machines to blow glass were developed and glass finally became a fairly cheap commodity. Add to this the discovery of natural gas, an inexpensive fuel, on the East coast and boom…a revolution in glassmaking. Previously, a team of glass blowers made all glass objects by hand one at a time. Now, machines could crank out dozens of bottles a minute and American households (and landfills) began filling up with glass.
Glass novelties exploded in the early 20th century, with their heyday hitting during the Great Depression. Figurines and bottles were pressed into novel shapes like telephones, fire trucks, boats, hats, every animal imaginable, chairs, dust pans, and the list goes on and on. Much of this glass was given away as incentives or premiums to buy products like flour, movie tickets, toothpaste, detergent, an oil change, you name it. Much of these glass is now termed ‘Depression glass’, which most commonly refers to the brightly colored yet cheaply manufactured tablewares common in antique stores today.
Most of the glass guns of this era were bottles that held either candy or whiskey (big disparity, there). These guns were small with the consumable of choice poured from end of the barrel. The candy guns were filled with brightly colored hard candies and could be given out as prizes at carnivals or purchased cheaply at a five and dime store. The gun-shaped whiskey bottles were frequently either purchased as souvenirs or given out as promotional samples. Once emptied, many of these guns became toys.
Our barrel, however, is solid. Solid glass guns are far less common. Most exhibited a non-glass grip and were modeled after actual guns available on the market. Ours appears to mimic a snub nose revolver. It is unclear whether this was intended as a toy or a curio, although we suspect those lines frequently blurred. Regardless, during the 1940s and ‘50s with great advances in chemical technology most glass novelties were replaced were replaced by the newest cheap material…plastic.
Mara Kaktins, Archaeologist
Ceramics & Glass Specialist